Glossary beginning with E
- EBSF (European Bus System of the Future)
European Commission initiative aiming at developing a new-generation urban bus system adapted to the distinctive features of European cities.
- EEV (Enhanced Environmentally Friendly Vehicles)
the most stringent among European regulations on emissions.
- EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation)
system that recirculates exhaust gas back to the engine’s intake to reduce NOX emissions.
- EMEA (Europe, Middle East, Africa)
Region including the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, the UK, Ethiopia, and South Africa.
- Emerging Markets
defined as low, lower-middle or uppermiddle income countries as per the 2014 World Bank list of economies.
- Emissions trading
mechanism enabling the exchange of emission quotas between countries belonging to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Economies in Transition (EIT), to meet their commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The system, introduced by EC Directive 2003/87/EC, defines a maximum level of acceptable emissions for each member state. According to the levels set, emission permits expressed in tons of CO2 are assigned to, and may be exchanged among, participating members.
- EPA (Environmental Protection Agency)
agency of the United States Government charged with the protection of the environment and public health.
- Ergonomics (or human factors)
scientific discipline focusing on the interactions among human and other elements of a system. Through the application of theory, principles, data and design methods, it aims at optimizing human wellbeing and overall system performance.
- Euro VI
series of European standards on polluting emissions applied to newly registered road vehicles sold in the EU as of September 1, 2014.